Adolescence is characterized by a stage full of satisfaction, but also of contradictions in which it is feasible to be able to find disorders associated with age and the hormonal modifications that are happening during this process. There are diseases that can affect the full development of adolescents. Among them, we can mention sedentary lifestyle, substance use, unprotected sex and exposure to violence.
- Pregnancies and early births:
Complications related to adolescent pregnancy and delivery are the second cause of death among girls aged 15 to 19 worldwide. About 11% of all births worldwide correspond to this group of young people.
More than two million teenagers in the world live with the virus. While deaths related to HIV decreased by 30% from the highest level registered a decade ago, available estimates indicate that deaths from the virus among adolescents are growing.
- Other infectious diseases:
While many conditions were prevented by vaccination, diarrhea, lower respiratory tract infections, and meningitis are among the 10 leading causes of mortality in the 10 to 19 age group.
- Inappropriate sexual behavior:
The greatest numbers of infections that can be transmitted through intimate relationships are associated with youth and the lack of information that exists.
- Mental health:
Depression is the leading cause of morbidity and disability among adolescents and suicide is the third cause of death.
It is an important cause of mortality. It is estimated that 180 adolescents die every day as a result of interpersonal violence. Worldwide, 30% of women aged 15 to 19 suffer violence from their partner.
- Alcohol and drugs:
Harmful substance use reduces self-control and increases risk behaviors, such as unprotected sex. It is one of the main causes of injuries (including those caused by traffic accidents), violence (especially by the couple) and premature deaths. This stage of experimentation can lead to the first contact that the child has with drugs or illegal drugs. Dealing with this problem is one of the defining moments for them and their parents.
In 2012, some 120,000 teenagers died as a result of traffic accidents. Drownings are also one of the main causes of mortality among young people; In fact, in the same year about 60,000 died from this cause.
- Traffic accidents:
More and more young people die on the roads due to alcohol consumption. Young people who have recently acquired a driver’s license do not measure the latent danger of being behind the wheel with diminished reflexes.
- Malnutrition and obesity:
Many children in developing countries suffer from malnutrition when they reach adolescence. On the other hand, the number of young people with excess weight or obesity is increasing in both low and high-income countries.
Less than one in four teens follows the recommended guidelines on physical activity, which consist of doing moderate to intense exercise every day for 60 minutes.
Almost all people who use tobacco today started doing it when they were teenagers. Worldwide, at least one in ten adolescents (13 to 15 years old) consume tobacco, and in some regions, that number is much higher.
- The appearance of acne and skin problems:
This is basically due to the hormones that are adapting to the new body that wants to become an adult. They are changes that can last a few years until it is normalized.
The social pressure to have a slim and slender body makes many young women and men decide to stop eating and be physically and emotionally damaged in order to fit into the social group to which they belong. This pathology is typical of adolescence and if not treated early can be fatal.